Dementia defined: An “umbrella” term used to describe the symptoms of a group of more than 100 conditions that impair memory, behaviors and thinking. The most common causes of dementia are:
- Alzheimer’s disease (AD) — the most common form of dementia accounting for 50-70% of all cases. Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease that attacks the brain resulting in impaired functioning.
- Vascular dementia (VaD) — the second most common form of dementia accounting for 20% of cases. Vascular dementia occurs through a reduced blood supply to the brain usually due to stroke.
- Parkinson’s disease (PD) — accounts for 5% of dementia cases. Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system.
- Fronto-temporal dementia (FTD) — accounts for 5% of dementia cases. Fronto-temporal is associated with rounded and tangled bundles of protein in brain nerve cells.
- Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) — accounts for 15% of dementia cases. Dementia with Lewy bodies is associated with Lewy bodies, which are abnormal brain cells.
Important Facts About Dementia
- Not all people with dementia are older.
- Dementia is not a normal part of aging.
- Two-thirds of people with dementia are women.
- Half of people over the age of 85 will develop dementia.
- There is no cure.
What are the symptoms of Dementia?
- Decline in memory
- Inability to concentrate
- Disorientation to person, place, time
- Loss of language skills
- Poor judgement
- Loss of visuospatial skills
- Inability to perform activities in sequential order